Livestock, livelihoods & disaster response in Sudan

Tufts University and Feinstein International Center have published a 2-part review of emergency livestock interventions in Sudan. Livestock production is a crucial livelihood strategy for farmers and pastoralists throughout Sudan, and contributes to a wider economy linked with livestock marketing, livestock products, fodder, water and support services. Sudan has a long experience of livestock interventions, predating the development of the international Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS), including e.g. provision of veterinary services (vaccination, training of community animal health workers / CAHWs), animal fodder, restocking and destocking livestock. Given this wide-ranging history and experience, this study reviewed recent emergency livestock interventions and the introduction of LEGS to Sudan.

Part One: A Review of Livestock-Based Livelihood Projects in Sudan (2013) describes emergency livestock interventions in Sudan and frameworks for funding and response. Analysis of funding trends from 2010 to 2013 showed that veterinary services and training of CAHWs were the most common activities and that livestock projects targeted mainly IDPs and returnees rather than pastoralists. Programme funding for agriculture and income-generating activities combined was three times that for all livestock activities together. This report identifies opportunities for the humanitarian community to enhance the impact of such programmes on livelihoods.

Part Two: Three Case Studies of Livestock Emergency Programmes in Sudan, and Lessons Learned presents case studies of emergency livestock programmes in North Darfur, Kassala and Blue Nile States. It reviews the range of livestock interventions and highlights examples of innovative programming (demarcation of livestock routes and peacebuilding related to natural resource conflict). It links lessons learned from the case studies with specific recommendations intended to improve future planning and implementation of livestock emergency response in both Sudan and globally. These include: diversifying response, increasing coverage, improving assessment and targeting, strengthening impact assessment, and taking environmental issues into account.

Posted on 29 November 2013 in Pastoralist Livelihoods & Nutrition