Harnessing pastoral knowledge for climate-change adaptation
The paper “Harnessing pastoral knowledge for climate change adaptation in the drylands” presents experience from northern Tanzania and Kenya using a mapping system based on Geographic Information System (GIS) that enables pastoralist communities to demonstrate, in a ‘language’ understood by policymakers and planners, the logic behind the communities’ livelihood strategies. The paper (37pp) was presented at the 2015 World Bank conference on land and poverty “Linking land tenure and use for shared prosperity”. The work is being carried out within a context of political and administrative devolution, where County and District Governments in Kenya and Tanzania, respectively, have authority over local planning and development processes, and where the policy and legal environment is increasingly supportive of pastoralism. The challenges lie in implementing these policies and laws, and in reconciling them with other laws that have conflicting provisions over land and natural resources. Through improved understanding as a result of the mapping, it is hoped that governments – particularly at local but also at national level – will invest in appropriate planning to support pastoralism as a viable and productive livelihood and economic system.