Changes in the drylands of Eastern Africa
The Institute for Development Studies (IDS) coordinated research into “Changes in the drylands of Eastern Africa: implications for resilience-strengthening efforts” (2016) commissioned by the DFID East Africa Research Hub to collect and analyse detailed evidence of long-term changes in the drylands and implications for strengthening resilience of pastoral systems. The research covered Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda. The aims were: I) to synthesise evidence on poverty, vulnerability, livelihoods and change in eastern Africa’s drylands; ii) to catalogue related national and subnational datasets; and iii) to identify evidence gaps and recommend future research. Over 400 scholarly and grey-literature reports were reviewed and over 100 datasets from the region were assessed. The main report details the overall findings of the evidence synthesis and mapping of datasets. A technical note provides in-depth findings of the research and the methodology used. A case_study_report assesses evidence and data of long-term change in five pastoral systems: the Somali zone of Ethiopia, the Borana Plateau in southern Ethiopia, the South Rift Valley in Kenya, the Karamoja region of Uganda and Bahr al Ghazal in South Sudan.