Building pastoralists’ resilience in northern Kenya
In Kenya, pastoralism supports nearly 1/4 of the population and is practised in arid and semi-arid areas that cover about 2/3 of the country. It is an adaptive mechanism to harsh ecological conditions unsuitable for cropping. A major challenge to pastoralism is drought that reduces forage supply and leads to livestock deaths. The paper “Building pastoralists’ resilience: strengthening participation in markets and local governance institutions in West Pokot, Kenya” by Deborah Namayi Muricho et al, presented at the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty on 20–24 March 2017, argues that measures to improve the resilience of pastoralists – especially through enhanced participation in markets and local governance institutions – are critical for equitable livelihoods and sustainable development. Targeted diversification into off-farm investments and hardier livestock such as sheep and goats would also enhance resilience.